How In-Ground Electric Fences Work
Buying an in-ground fence is no different then buying a new laptop. Before you make a decision on a laptop, you learn as much as you can to make sure it is the right model for you. In-ground fences are no different so we thought it might help if we gave you a basic overview of how a fence actually works. From here you can focus more on which containment system has features that best suit your needs.
How they work.
Most people prefer to mount the small transmitter box outside on the back of their house. Once mounted the transmitter is plugged into a standard power outlet.
A roll of wire is provided with your kit. This wire runs from the transmitter, makes a loop around the boundary of the area that you want to contain your pet in, then back to the transmitter. The wire can be hidden underground or attached to a fixed object such as an existing fence or shrubs.
Using a unique radio signal, the transmitter sends this signal across the wire causing the wire to act as an antenna, which transmits the signal around your establish boundary. This is what your dogs collar will talk to.
The signal strength can be adjusted to create a buffer zone as great as 20' or as little as 2'. Folks that have flower beds along their fence line would probably want a larger buffer zone so their dogs don't destroy their plants. Other pet owners may have a small yard and want to give their dogs as much room to roam as possible. They may opt for a smaller buffer zone.
How does the collar work?
All collars contain at least two contact points. The collars must be worn snug so that both points make contact with the dogs neck.
While the buried wire may be constantly sending a signal, your dog's collar will be constantly searching for a signal. As your dog approaches the boundary limits, a warning beep is given to let them know they are entering the buffer zone.
If your dog continues towards the boundary, they are now entering the static correction zone and the receiver will then will give them correction. The first time it is a brief, harmless, and mild low level electrical stimulation delivered through the contact points. This correction is meant to get his attention and discourage your dog from crossing the boundary. Some systems allow you to set the level of stimulation which is good for stubborn dogs.
When you start your initial training, you will want to place white flags at the boundary to give your dog a visual reference as to wear their boundary ends and begins. Dog's are fast leaners and in no time at all they will have their boundary limits memorized. However, all dogs are different, some learn in a couple of days and some take up to two weeks. If you can dedicate yourself to spending just 15 minutes a day working with your pet, he can be fully trained in matter of a few days.
Don't worry if you have more than one dog. All you need to do it buy additional collars. All of the in-ground fences can contain multiple dogs at once. Keep in mind that in-ground manufacturers are like computer companies in that only their collars work with their systems.